Ethiopia is classified as a low-income country with 31% of the population living under the international poverty line of US$1.90 per day. Changes in the economy and demography of the country, however, have gone through major changes with a doubling of the urban population, a fall in rural in poverty rates from 45% in 2000 to 23% in 2016. Despite these changes, most of the country’s population live in rural areas (78%). There is a high reliance of the rural population on agriculture for their livelihoods and the agricultural sector, while it has grown and contributed to the country’s growing economy, remains very subsistence based. Nevertheless, the country faces challenges across its food systems related to agricultural productivity, access to and costs of healthy diets and more.